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Diet Plan for 40+ | Sample diet plan + workout plan and more for 40 plus adults, Best diet plan for adults 40+


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DIET 40+ program is for everyone who is 40 year old or above for both men and women. Doesn’t matter if you workout or not, this program is caloric deficit program for our elders. They will also help to reduce Diabetes, Cholesterol and Blood pressure.

Before we start !! Lets see what topics you will cover in this Pat fitness health article ?

  • TIPS: DO’s & DON’T’s for DIABETES 
  • Foods to Eat: 
  • Fruit to Avoid: 
  • When to Eat  



The Basics of Blood Sugar Control

Type 2 diabetes is a condition in which the body doesn’t make enough insulin. This can cause high blood sugar and symptoms such as:

• Fatigue
• Blurred vision
• Increased appetite
• Excessive thirst
• Excessive urination 

The normal blood sugar range for diabetics, as determined by the American Diabetes Association, is between 70 and 130 mg/dL before meals and less than 180 mg/dL a few hours after you began eating. You can use a blood sugar monitor to check your blood glucose levels and adjust your diet accordingly.

Low-Sugar Diet

When someone with diabetes has low blood sugar, a spoonful of honey can help raise glucose levels. However, sugar is often considered the nemesis of diabetes because of how quickly it can spike blood glucose levels.

Low-Fat Diet 

Foods that are high in sodium, saturated fats, cholesterol, and trans fat can elevate your risk for heart disease and stroke. However, that doesn’t mean that you have to avoid all fats. Foods rich in good fats—monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fat — can help lower cholesterol levels. Try replacing refined oil with Olive oil, and nuts are also good sources of this nutrient

Foods to Avoid: 

• Whole meat
• Mutton
• Processed foods
• High-fat dairy products like whole fat milk, cheese, butter, etc 

Fruits and Vegetables

Balancing carbohydrates, fats, and sugars is integral to a diabetes-friendly diet. While processed and refined carbs are bad for you, whole grains and dietary fiber (good carbs) are beneficial in many ways. Whole grains are rich in fiber and beneficial vitamins and minerals. Dietary fiber helps with digestive health, and helps you feel more satisfied after eating.

Foods to Eat: 

• Leafy green vegetables & Lettuce
• All Nuts (Peanuts, Almonds, Cashews, Walnuts, etc)
• Whole grains (Brown Rice, Whole wheat roti, Wheat bead, Oats, Quinoa, Millet, etc)
• All Seeds (Flaxseed, Sesame seeds, Chia seeds, etc)
• Low-fat dairy products
• Beans, Channe and peas
• Fresh low-sugar fruits (blueberries, raspberries, blackberries, cranberries, pears, melon, Grapefruit, apple and cherries) 

Fruit to Avoid:

• Pineapple
• Raisins
• Apricots
• Grapes
• Oranges 

Complex Carbs (Starches) 

Starches are another type of food your body converts into blood glucose. They not only provide a source of energy but also vitamins, minerals, and fiber. Whole grain starches are the healthiest because they maximize nutrition and break down into the bloodstream slowly. I recommend at least one serving of starch at every meal.

Foods to Eat:

 • Whole Grain Bread
 • Whole Grain Pasta,
 • Whole Grain Cereal,
 • Brown Rice,
 • Whole Wheat Roti
 • Sweet Potato  

Foods to Avoid: 

• Potato chips
• Packaged snacks
• Candy bars
• White Rice
• White Bread
• Refined Aata
• White Naan
• White Potato
• Soft Drinks
• Packed Juices
• Indian Sweets

Cut back on refined carbs and sugary drinks. White bread, white rice, white pasta and potatoes cause quick increases in blood sugar, as do sugary soft drinks, fruit punch, and fruit juice. Over time, eating lots of these refined carbohydrates and sugar may increase your risk of type 2 diabetes. To lower your risk, switch to whole grains.

When to Eat

If you have diabetes, you should eat smaller meals throughout the day to avoid unnecessary spikes in your blood glucose level. However, your body requires more sugars and carbohydrates during exercise, so eat before and after a workout. Checkout nutrition plan at the bottom. 


1..Limit your intake of foods full of saturated fats, trans fats, and dietary cholesterol

- Foods with a lot of saturated fat include butter, fatty flesh like red meat, full-fat and low-fat dairy products, palm oil, and coconut oil. If you see partially hydrogenated fat in the Ingredient List of a food label, that food has trans fats. Top sources of dietary cholesterol include egg yolks, organ meats, and shellfish. One type of fat – omega-3 fatty acids – are to protect against heart disease. Good sources are cold-water fish like salmon, halibut and sardines. 

To help you translate the above guidelines into daily food planning, here are key guidelines: Select non fat dairy foods only, 2 servings daily. Limit your intake of meat, poultry, and fish to no more than 3.5 to 4 ounces per day. From the choices below, which are listed from best to poor, try to select almost always from the top

Best Choice: Omega-3-rich fish, such as salmon, sardines and trout. Choose at least 2 times weekly. If you’re using canned fish, such as canned sardines, or tuna, select very-low-sodium or no-salt-added varieties. Including Flaxseed, chia seed, walnuts, pecans, etc. Satisfactory Choices: Most other fish including shrimp, crawfish), Poultry (white meat, skinless) optimally free-range and grass-fed

Poor Choice: Red meat (pork, lamb, veal, goat). For all red meat choices, select cuts that are under 30% fat. Red meats are the least desirable choice because they not only tend to have the highest proportion of saturated fats, they are also higher in heme iron, which likely raises the risk of type 2 diabetes and colonrectal cancer. Drinking whole milk, full fat yogurt, butter, ghee, refined oil, etc.

2. Eat a lot more fiber-rich foods

- Foods naturally rich in soluble fiber have proven particularly good at lowering cholesterol. Excellent sources include oats, oat bran, barley, peas, yams, sweet potatoes and other potatoes, as well as legumes or beans, such as pinto beans, black beans, garbanzo beans (white channe/Black channe), and peas. Vegetables rich in soluble fiber include carrots, Brussels sprouts, beets, okra, and eggplant. Good fruit sources are berries, passion fruit, oranges, black grapes, pears, apricots, nectar and apples.

3. Choose protein-rich plant foods

 - Common legumes include lentils, peas, and beans, such as pinto beans, red beans, white beans, and soybeans. They’re full of nutritional riches and are a very healthy, protein-packed alternative to meat. Legumes help lower total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, blood sugar, and insulin levels, and may even lower cancer risk. Nuts and seeds have been proven to modestly lower LDL cholesterol levels. To avoid blood-pressure-raising salt, choose raw or dryroasted, unsalted varieties. To avoid gaining weight, don’t eat more than 1 ounce daily since nuts and seeds are dense with calories (averaging about 175 calories per ounce).

4. Lose as much excess weight as possible

- Losing excess weight is beneficial for all sorts of reasons, from improving your cholesterol profile to preventing diseases epidemic in industrialized societies, including type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, heart attacks, strokes, gout, and many types of cancer. Do keep in mind that it’s important to limit fat intake, even so-called “good” fats like olive oil, because any fat is dense with calories, which means heavy consumption can easily lead to a heavy body. NOTE: The above steps contain the key food groups that have cholesterol-lowering properties.


1. Eat a healthy diet 

Eating a diet that is rich in whole grains, fruits, vegetables and low-fat dairy products and skimps on saturated fat and cholesterol can lower your blood pressure by up to 14 mm Hg.

It isn't easy to change your eating habits, but with these tips, you can adopt a healthy diet: 

Keep a food diary. Writing down what you eat, even for just a week, can shed surprising light on your true eating habits. Monitor what you eat, how much, when and why. 

Consider boosting potassium. Potassium can lessen the effects of sodium on blood pressure. The best source of potassium is food, such as fruits and vegetables, rather than supplements.  3500mg to 5000mg potassium level is best for you

Be a smart shopper. Read food labels when you shop and stick to your healthy-eating plan when you're dining out, too.

2. Reduce sodium in your diet 

Even a small reduction in the sodium in your diet can reduce blood pressure by 2 to 8 mm Hg. The effect of sodium intake on blood pressure varies among groups of people. In general, limit sodium to less than 2,300 milligrams (mg) a day or less. However, a lower sodium intake — 1,500mg-1800mg a day or less — is appropriate for people with greater salt sensitivity, including:

• Anyone age 51 or older 

• Anyone diagnosed with high blood pressure, diabetes or chronic kidney disease To decrease sodium in your diet, consider these tips: 

• Read food labels. If possible, choose low-sodium alternatives of the foods and beverages you normally buy 

• Eat fewer processed foods. Only a small amount of sodium occurs naturally in foods. Most sodium is added during processing.

• Don't add salt. Just 1 level teaspoon of salt has 2,300 mg of sodium. Use herbs or spices to add flavor to your food (check the list at the bottom)

• Ease into it. If you don't feel you can drastically reduce the sodium in your diet suddenly, cut back gradually. Your palate will adjust over time.

3. Limit the amount of alcohol you drink

Alcohol can be both good and bad for your health. In small amounts, it can potentially lower your blood pressure by 2 to 4 mm Hg.
But that protective effect is lost if you drink too much alcohol — generally more than one drink a day for women and for men older than age 60, or more than two a day for men age 60 and younger. One drink equals 12 ounces of beer, five ounces of wine or 1.5 ounces of 80-proof liquor. 

Drinking more than moderate amounts of alcohol can actually raise blood pressure by several points. It can also reduce the effectiveness of blood pressure medications.

4. Quit smoking

Each cigarette you smoke increases your blood pressure for many minutes after you finish. Quitting smoking helps your blood pressure return to normal. People who quit smoking, regardless of age, have substantial increases in life expectancy.

5. Cut back on caffeine

The role caffeine plays in blood pressure is still debated. Caffeine can raise blood pressure by as much as 10 mm Hg in people who rarely consume it, but there is little to no strong effect on blood pressure in habitual coffee drinkers.

Although the effects of chronic caffeine ingestion on blood pressure aren't clear, the possibility of a slight increase in blood pressure exists.

To see if caffeine raises your blood pressure, check your pressure within 30 minutes of drinking a caffeinated beverage. If your blood pressure increases by 5 to 10 mm Hg, you may be sensitive to the blood pressure raising effects of caffeine. Talk to your doctor about the effects of caffeine on your blood pressure.

6. Reduce your stress 

Chronic stress is an important contributor to high blood pressure. Occasional stress also can contribute to high blood pressure if you react to stress by eating unhealthy food, drinking alcohol or smoking

Take some time to think about what causes you to feel stressed, such as work, family, finances or illness. Once you know what's causing your stress, consider how you can eliminate or reduce stress.

If you can't eliminate all of your stressors, you can at least cope with them in a healthier way. Try to: 

• Change your expectations. Give yourself time to get things done. Learn to say no and to live within manageable limits. Try to learn to accept things you can't change.

• Think about problems under your control and make a plan to solve them. You could talk to your boss about difficulties at work or to family members about problems at home.

• Know your stress triggers. Avoid whatever triggers you can. For example, spend less time with people who bother you or avoid driving in rush-hour traffic.

• Make time to relax and to do activities you enjoy. Take 15 to 20 minutes a day to sit quietly and breathe deeply. Try to intentionally enjoy what you do rather than hurrying through your "relaxing activities" at a stressful pace.

• Practice gratitude. Expressing gratitude to others can help reduce stressful thoughts

7. Monitor your blood pressure at home and see your doctor regularly 

Home monitoring can help you keep tabs on your blood pressure, make certain your lifestyle changes are working, and alert you and your doctor to potential health complications. Blood pressure monitors are available widely and without a prescription. Talk to your doctor about home monitoring before you get started

Regular visits with your doctor are also key to controlling your blood pressure. If your blood pressure is under control, you might need to visit your doctor only every six to 12 months, depending on other conditions you might have. If your blood pressure isn't well controlled, your doctor will likely want to see you more frequently. 

8. Exercise regularly 

Regular physical activity — at least 30 minutes most days of the week — can lower your blood pressure by 4 to 9 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). It's important to be consistent because if you stop exercising, your blood pressure can rise again

If you have slightly high blood pressure (prehypertension), exercise can help you avoid developing full-blown hypertension. If you already have hypertension, regular physical activity can bring your blood pressure down to safer levels.

The best types of exercise for lowering blood pressure include walking, jogging, cycling, swimming or dancing. Strength training also can help reduce blood pressure.




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PAT Fitness Team

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